Glossary of Sanskrit Terms in Integral Yoga Literature

[one descended from Yadu, a name of Krsna].

yadyadacarati sresthastattadevetaro janah
whatever the best doeth that the lower kind of man puts into practice. [Gita 3.21]

the giver of the sacrifice (the doer of the action) .

yajanti avidhipurvakam
they sacrifice not in the true order. [Gita 9.23]

yajata, yajatra
a power of the sacrifice; master of sacrifice. [Ved.]

sacrifice; action consecrated to the gods, works; the Master of Works.

yajnam brhantam asathe
[they attain to or enjoy a mighty sacrifice]. [Ved.]

[for the sake of sacrifice].

[a famous rsi who figures prominently in the Brhadaranyaka Upanisad].

a ritualistic commentator.

yajus (Yajur)
the mantra of divine Power, the word of power for the right ordaining of action; the word which guides the sacrificial action in accordance with the rk. [Ved.]

the sacrificer. [Ved.]

yaksa (Yaksha)
one of the keepers of wealth; [in the Kena Upanisad]: the Daemon, the Spirit, the Unknown Power.

1. Controller, Ordainer, Lord of the Law; in the Rg-veda he seems to have been originally a form of the Sun, then one of the twin children of the wide-shining Lord of the Truth; he is the guardian of the dharma, the law of the Truth, which is a condition of immortality, and therefore himself the guardian of immortality; in the later ideas [post-Vedic] he is the God of Death.
2. yama [in raja-yoga]: a rule of moral self-control.

see yama (definition 2) and niyama

yam smaran bhavam tyajati ante kalevaram
[remembering which(ever) subjective becoming he abandons the body at the end]. [Gita 8.6]

yam yam tanum sraddhaya arcati
whatever form he worships with faith. [cf. Gita 7.21]


yantrarudhani mayaya
mounted on a machine by his maya. [Gita 18.61]
yantrarudham [accusative singular, neuter] mayaya
yantrarudhani [accusative plural, neuter (as in the Gita) ] mayaya
yantrarudho [nominative singular, masculine] mayaya

yasas (Yashas)
glory; victory, success and power.

yasmin vijnate sarvam idam vijnatam
that which being known, all is known. [Sandilya Upanisad 2.2; cf. Mund. 1.1.3]

[desire for glory]; reaching out for victory, success and power.

yasya nahankrto bhavo buddhir yasya na lipyate
one whose state of being is free from egoism and whose understanding receives no stain. [Gita 18.17]

yatah pravrttir bhutanam yena sarvam idam tatam
[from whom is the impulse to action of beings, by whom all this universe is pervaded]. [Gita 18.46]

yatha karma yatha srutam
according to their deeds and after the measure of their revealed knowledge. [Katha 2.2.7]

yatha prayuktosmi (niyuktosmi) tatha karomi
as I am appointed, I work. [Pandavagita]

perfectly, according to (their) nature. [Isa 8]

one who practises self-mastery by yoga and austerity.

yat kinca jagat
whatsoever is individual universe of movement... [Isa 1]

yato naiva nivartante tad dhama paramam mama
[...whence they revert not, that is My supreme status]. [cf. Gita 8.21; 15.6]


grain (the formation of the light in the force of the physical mind) . [Ved.]

[Ionian, Greek].

yavan yascasmi tattvatah
who and how much I am in all the reality and principles of My being. [Gita 18.55]

yesam loka imah prajah
from whom are these creatures (their children and offspring) in the world. [Gita 10.6]

yesam tvantagatam papam jananam punyakarmamam
[but those men of virtuous deeds, in whom sin has come to an end]. [Gita 7.28]

yayedam dharyate jagat
by which the world is upheld. [Gita 7.5]

ye yatha mam prapadyante
as men approach Me. [see the following]

ye yatha mam prapadyante tams tathaiva bhajamyaham
as men approach Me, so I accept them to My love. [Gita 4.11]

joining, union; the union of the soul with the immortal being and consciousness and delight of the Divine; a methodised effort towards self-perfection by the expression of the potentialities latent in the being and union of the human individual with the universal and transcendent existence; [as opposed to Samkhya]: the concrete and synthetical realisation of truth in our experience; [a system of philosophy systematised by Patanjali, one of the six darsanas].

yogacatustaya (Yogachatushtaya)
[the catustaya of yoga].
yogacatustayam [nominative]

yogadrsti (Yogadrishti)
[yogic (power of) vision].

yogah karmasu kausalam
yoga is skill in works. [Gita 2.50]

getting and having of good; well-being and joy.

yogaksemam vahamyaham
I bring (his) getting and having of good. [Gita 9.22]

power of the Godhead's spiritual consciousness, the power of His Consciousness-Force put out in self-manifestation.

yogam ca mama
[and My yoga]. [Gita 10.7]

yogasakti (Yogashakti)
yoga-force, spiritual force.

yogasamnyastakarmanam atmavantam na karmani nibadhnanti
works do not bind him who has given up all works and is in possession of the Self. [Gita 4.41]

[yoga is conquest of the cittavrttis (all the movements of the mind) ]. [Yogasutra 1.2]

see yogasakti

[the perfection which comes by the practice of yoga].

yogasthah kuru karmani
fixed in yoga do actions. [Gita 2.48]

[sacrifice of yoga; yogic sacrifice].

yogesvarah krsnah
Krsna, the divine Master of the yoga. [cf. Gita 18.75,78]

[one who practises yoga]; one who is established in realisation [cf. sadhaka].
yogi [nominative]

yogini cakra (Yogini Chakra)
[cakra of the female yogin or of the sakti called "Yogini": probably used by Sri Aurobindo as a code word].

yosau purusa
the purusa there. [cf. Isa 16]

yo vetti asammudhah sa martyesu sarvapapaih pramucyate
who knows (Me) , he, unbewildered among mortals, is delivered from all sin and evil. [Gita 10.3]

yo yacchraddhah sa eva sah
whatever is a man's faith (sraddha) , that he is. [Gita 17.3]

[battle], struggle.

[the eldest of the five Pandava brothers, noted for his truthfulness and righteousnessl.

an age [there are four yugas: the satya (or krta) , treta, dvapara and kali].

the best ideal [dharma] of the age.

the evening of the cycle [yuga]

yuga yajniya
the age of sacrifice.

yuge yuge
from age to age. [Gita 4.8]

yoke-fellows; allies. [Ved.]

yoked; in yoga.

yukta asita matparah
he must sit firm in yoga, wholly given up to Me. [Gita 2.61; 6.14]

yuktahari yuktanidrah
one who eats and sleeps suitably or one who is in yoga with the Divine in food and in sleeping. [cf. Gita 6.17]

yuktah krtsnakarmakrt
a doer of all actions, in yoga. [Gita 4.18]

[a line of argument].

yuva kavih, priyo atithir amartyo mandrajihvah rtacit rtava
the Youth, the Seer, the beloved and immortal Guest vith his honeyed tongue of ecstasy, the Truthconscious, the Truth-finder. [Ved.]

full of energy. [Ved.]

yuvaraja (Yuvaraj)
["the young king"; heir apparent, crown prince].

zamindar [Hind.]
[a landholder].

zulm (Zulum) [Hind.]
[tyranny, oppression].

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Last modified on Thu Nov 28 18:24:47 1996