Glossary of Sanskrit Terms in Integral Yoga Literature


wish and disliking.

the power of abandoning the body definitively without the ordinary phenomena of death, by an act of will.

power of will.

ida nadi
[one of the main nerve channels in the subtle body, situated on the left side of the central channel].

here (in this life and body).

iha ca amutra ca
here and beyond.

here [itself]; (in life, on earth, in the body).

Iksvaku (Ikshvaku)
the name of the head of the Solar line.

[Ved.]: the goddess of the Truth-vision; a faculty of the rtam representing truth-vision or revelation; the highest Word, premier energy of the Truth-Consciousness; she who is the direct revealing vision in knowledge and becomes in that knowledge the spontaneous self attainment of the Truth of things in action, result and experience. [Puranas]: Mother of the Lunar dynasty.

the Master of the World of Light and Immortality (svar); the Power of divine Mind. [Ved.]

indra jyestho marudganah
Indra eldest of the Maruts. [cf. RV 1.23.8; 2.41.15]

indratama angirastama
"most-Indra", "most-Angirasa". [Ved.]

the sense-faculties.

is, isa (Ish, Isha)

Isana (Ishana)
[master, ruler, a name of Siva-Rudra].

isa vasyam
for habitation by the Lord. [see the following]

isa vasyam idam sarvam yat kinca
all this whatsoever ... is for habitation by the Lord. [see the following]

isa vasyam idam sarvam yat kinca jagatyam jagat
all this is for habitation by the Lord, whatsoever is individual universe of movement in the universal motion. [Isa 1]

Ish, Isha
see is, isa

see isana

see isita

Ishwara etc.
see isvara etc.

isita (Ishita)
[one of the astasiddhis]: the perfect control over the powers of nature and over things inert and intelligent; effectiveness of will acting not as command or through the thought, by ajnanam, but through the heart and temperament (citta) in a perception of need or pure lipsa.

isitam presitam patati manas
...missioned the mind shot falls to its mark. [cf. kenesitam patati presitam manah]

chosen; beloved; [ =istadeva(ta)].

the chosen deity; the name and form elected by our nature for its worship; a conscious Personality of the Divine answering to the needs of the seeker's own personality and showing to him in a representative image what the Divine is or at least pointing him through himself to the Absolute.

isvara (Ishwara)
Lord, Master, the Divine, God.

lordship, the temperament of the ruler and leader.

isvarah sarvabhutanam hrddese
the Lord in the heart of all creatures. [Gita 18.61]

isvarakoti (Ishwarakoti)
divine man; a human being whose centre has already been shifted upwards or from the beginning elevated in the superior planes of conscious existence, was established in God rather than in Nature; such men are already leaning down from God to Nature; they may therefore in losing themselves in Him yet keep themselves and live in Man-God. [cf. jivakoti]

isvara-sakti (Ishwara-Shakti)
the dual principle of the Lord [isvara] and his executive Power [sakti].

isvari (Ishwari)
[feminine of isvara, "she who has mastery"].

isvari sakti (Ishwari Shakti)
Divine Conscious Force and World Mother.

[thus; used to indicate direct speech, to include under one head a number of terms grouped together, etc.].

historical tradition, a historico-mythic epic narrative; ancient historical or legendary tradition turned to creative use as a significant mythus or tale expressive of some spiritual or religious or ethical or ideal meaning.

iti iti
it is this, it is this.

inert, mechanical, inconscient.

jada laya
[an absorption of the self into the Spirit, which leaves the mind, life and body in a state of inconscience and inertia].

jada prakrti
[inert nature].

jada samadhi
inert inner existence.

like a thing inert.

jadavat paramahamsa
a paramahamsa who is outwardly inert and inactive, moved by circumstance or forces but not self-mobile, even though the consciousness is enlightened within.

jadu [Hind.]

jagadguru ( jagat-guru)
the World-Teacher.

jagadisvaro va
or sovereign of the world.

the world is a lie. [Vivekacudamani 20]

jagannatha (Jagannath)
[Lord of the world].

world, universe; (the word has the radical sense of motion): the perpetual movement; knot of motion.

see jagadguru

1. the movement; universe; the universal motion.
2. [the name of a metre].

jagatyam jagat
universe of movement in the universal motion. [Isa 1]

awake; the waking state, the consciousness of the material world.

jahi kamam durasadam
slay desire which is hard to assail. [cf. Gita 3.43]

water; [as one of the five bhutas. see apas, definition 2]

kindred, brothers. [Ved.]

man; birth and delight, the delight that gives birth to life and world; [ =janaloka].

[a famous king and sage, the father of Sita].

the world of creative delight of existence.

the land of one's birth.

janma karma ca me divyam
My divine birth and work. [see the following]
janma karma ca me divyam evam yo vetti tattvatah
tyaktva deham punarjanma naiti mam eti sorjuna,
He who knoweth thus in its right principles My divine birth and My divine work, when he abandons his body, comes not to rebirth, he comes to Me, O Arjuna. [Gita 4.9]
vitaragabhayakrodha manmaya mam upasritah
bahavo jnanatapasa puta madbhavam agatah
Delivered from liking and fear and wrath, full of Me, taking refuge in Me, many purified by austerity of knowledge have arrived at My nature of being. [Gita 4.10]

janma-mrtyu-jara-duakhair vimuktomrtam asnute
free from birth and death and age and grief enjoys immortality. [Gita 14.20]

the perception of the defects of existence, birth and disease and death and old age and sorrow. [Gita 13.9]

[repetition of a mantra or a name of God].

jara-marana-moksaya mam asritya yatanti ye
[they who, having resorted to Me, strive for release from age and death] [Gita 7.29]

jara-marana-moksaya yatanti
[they strive for release from age and death]. [see the preceding]

jat [Hind.]
[ =jati].

knower of the births (the worlds); [a Vedic epithet of Agni].


caste law and rule of living and conduct.

caste communal assembly.

jatyantaraparinamah prakrtyapurat
[evolutionary change (parinama) into another species is by the flooding of nature]. [Yogasutra 4.2]

jitah sargah
conquered the creation. [Gita 5.19]

[one who has conquered anger].

a soul self-conquered.

[one who has conquered the senses].

jitva satrun bhunksva rajyam samrddham
conquer thy enemies and enjoy an opulent kingdom. [Gita 11.33]

1. Living creature.
2. the spirit individualised and upholding the living being in its evolution from birth to birth (the full term is jivatman).

[who] has become the jiva. [Gita 7.5]

a human being leaning pre-eminently to the symbol-nature, who, once immersed, cannot return; he is lost in God to humanity. [cf. isvarakoti]

living liberated man.

[liberation while living].

jiva purusa (Jiva Purusha)
[the jivatman as a Person (purusa)].

the individual self; central being; the atman, spirit or eternal self of the living being; the multiple Divine manifested here as the individualised self or spirit of the created being. [cf. jiva]
jivatma [nominative]

in its essence the jiva.

knowledge, wisdom; supreme self-knowledge; the essential aspect [cf. vijnana] of the true unifying knowledge, the direct spiritual awareness of the supreme Being.
jnanam [nominative]

[capacity for receiving and sustaining knowledge].

jnanadipena bhasvata
with the blazing lamp of knowledge. [Gita 10.11]

the section of knowledge [of the Veda], identified with the Upanisads. [cf. karmakanda]

[desire for knowledge].

jnanalipsa jnanaprakaso brahmavarcasyam sthairyam iti brahmatejah
see these words separately.

see under jnana

jnanam brahma
the brahman as the self-existent consciousness and universal knowledge.

jnanam caitanyam jyotir brahma
[the brahman is knowledge, consciousness and light].

jnanam trikaladrstih astasiddhih samadhih iti vijnanacatustayam
see these words separate]y.

[they whose sins have been removed by knowledge]. [Gita 5.17]

jnanaprakasa (Jnanaprakasha)
[light of knowledge].
jnanaprakaso[nominative, modified form]

jnana-sakti (Jnana Shakti)
power of knowledge.

jnana-yajnena yajanto mam upasate
[they, sacrificing with the sacrifice of knowledge, worship Me]. [Gita 9.15]

the yoga of knowledge; self-realisation and knowledge of the true nature of the self and the world.

jnanayogena sankhyanam
by the yoga of knowledge of the sankhyas. [Gita 3.3]

jnani (bhaktah)
[one of the four classes of devotees]: the Godlover who has the knowledge. [Gita 7.16]

jnata isvarah
Knower and Lord.

jnata [nominative]

jnatum drastum tattvena pravestum ca
to know, to see in all the principles and powers of (My) existence and to enter... [Gita 11.54]

[that which is] to be known.

shrinking, contraction; self-protecting recoil; the feeling of repulsion caused by the sense of a want of harmony between one's own limited self-formation and the contacts of the external with a consequent recoil of grief, fear, hatred, discomfort, suffering.

jyayasi karmano buddhih
the intelligence [buddhi] is greater than works. [Gita 3.1]

[one of the four classes of devotees]: the seeker of God-knowledge. [Gita 7.16]

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Last modified on Thu Nov 28 18:24:06 1996